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Capt. James Peters, Fish Creek, Batoche 1885 - 8 Fake Combat Photos - 10 -

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flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure An intrepid early Canadian war photographer was Captain James Peters, who slung an early dry plate camera over his shoulder shown left to take photos on foot, and on horseback, of General Middleton's campaign against Louis Riel at Fish Creek and Batoche in western Canada in 1885.

Some maintain he is the world's first combat photographer...

Not so fast... How do you define a combat photographer from a war photographer?

If he hears guns going off somewhere, while he takes pictures? If he sees enemy troops somewhere? If he films men marching or being deployed to the front lines? If he shoots artillery horses riding by? If he takes photos of artillery guns going off from the rear, where they always are, shooting over the heads of the infantry in the front lines?

In fact many war photographers have taken such images, including Roger Fenton in the 1850s. But neither they, nor Fenton were combat photographers of any kind. Though many - they all were - were quite devious and deliberate fakers of war photos of all kinds, including Fenton, Gardner, Brady, etc. starting in the 1850s, 1860s, and on.

Go to Fenton You Fake

We are not suggesting, at all, that Peters was a fake, just that he should not be categorized by later-day historians into something he was not, because he demonstrably did not deploy his camera where the shooting was being done - to earn the status of what today qualifies as a combat photographer.

It is a fact that no one, certainly no cameraman, had the courage - or the foolhardiness - in the 19th century, to take a camera up front where men were wildly shooting at anything that moved. The most dangerous profession in the world, that of combat photographer , wasn't born until World War II, and is today looked on as routine by those with nerves of steel who often stick their heads and cameras where even soldiers refuse to go.
And pay the price... trying to get a real combat photo.

These are lots of war activities that are part of setting up actual combat, defined as where the front line foot soldiers take the lead and the lead, and start shooting directly at the enemy, and come into actual life-risking combat contact with hostiles.

The photos that James Peters took, are all, what we would call set-up activities for combat. James was not risking his life, like Capa and others would do in WWII.

There is, in fact, no actual front line combat going on in any of his photos, just men involved in field maneuvers as they prepare to engage the enemy, which is no doubt, shooting over the hill.

Also, James was an artillery officer. Artillery typically prepares the ground by doing preliminary pounding of enemy positions, over the heads of the frontline troops, who then charge the enemy. Infantrymen do the frontline combat, not artillerymen. And James was not among them. Certainly not with his camera.

With his camera, he was certainly a novelty among troops. And he moved the ante up in getting a camera closer to where the fighting troops are doing the dying.

But his photos offer ample proof that James was definitely not prepared to risk his own life to get a real combat shot. Hell, he was a soldier, whose job, said General Paton famously, was to "get the other guy to die for his country," not to die himself, let alone risk it all to get a silly photo up near where the lead was flying.

In fact when the first real combat photo was taken, it would be by a civilian dare devil, not a professional soldier at all. The profession would always be owned by civilians whose credo was, "when soldiers ducked, it was time to pop up with the camera."

Capt. James Peters, c 1885

Canadian Archival Photo

Colonel Long is, of course, the disastrous artilleryman who won undying infamy when he mistakenly thought he was a frontline infantryman at Colenso, in Dec. 1899, and charged his dozen guns so close to the Boer lines his men, and horses were shot to pieces, and his guns captured.

7 Victoria Crosses were won, in an action trying to undo his awful mistake, in which the Commander-in-Chief, Lord Roberts, appointed the same day, lost his only son Freddy. They would become the first father and son winners of the Victoria Cross. Thanks to a dumb move by Col. Long.

Had Long had a camera he would certainly have qualified as the world's first combat cameraman. He was brave enough, and badly wounded.

Only two months later, Canadian James Cooper Mason achieved that status under eerily similar circumstances.

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Fish Creek
Canadian Archival Photo
Robert Capa - Normandy Beach - Quintessential unfaked WWII combat photograph

The photographer is risking his life, in the middle of the fight, often ahead of the front line combat troops who are doing the dying.

Some have maintained that this leisurely pic is a combat photo, labeling it as the start of combat at Fish Creek, and so trying to turn a war photographer into a combat photographer. We think not.

Note that the gun is being leisurely unlimbered and rolled towards, and aimed at the enemy to the right. The same direction the rumps of the artillery horses are pointing.

But there are lots of infantrymen in more advanced positions, much closer to the enemy, than the gun crew. And in fact as we will presently show, even they are not close to the danger of the front line.

So James, who was commanding two guns at Fish Creek, was at the - blush - rear during the actual infantry combat, which followed when his initial bombarding job was done. Once the infantrymen charge the enemy, the artillerymen, at the rear, have to stop shooting, lest they hit their own men up front as they rapidly run away from the gun positions to go forward to engage in combat.

It doesn't mean James is not brave, or didn't expose himself on occasion to rifle fire. But as an artilleryman he was not a front line combat soldier. His camera wasn't up there with the fighting troops. But he did have lots of time, after the charge began, and he couldn't shoot anymore, to take pictures from the rear. Combat photos are not shot in the rear, so this does not qualify. It certainly does not make James a combat photographer. He's doing a yeoman's job of filming preliminary maneuvering before a battle - from the rear.

Above, a genuine combat photo, with the photographer Bob Capa up front with the thousands of men doing the dying on D-Day, in 1944, amid a hail of machine gun bullets. Compare that with James' photo of men quite leisurely walking about - with their backs to the enemy no less - supposedly during combat below.

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Fish Creek
Canadian Archival Photo
This "cropped" photo shows James again, shooting infantrymen from behind - we couldn't resist - and quite far back, as forward troops are returning from the brow of the hill, off to the right, to change shifts from the front line. It's supposed to be another combat photo, but is not.

Right a pretty accurate landscape litho of the site, even showing the copse of trees top left that James has photographed the men against.

Anyone who knows the Battle of Fish Creek site knows that these men are all completely safe up on the southern hilltop and back from the edge. The Métis sharpshooters are all down over the brow of the hill, down in the gully to the right, from where it's physically impossible for them to hit anyone at J where all the men above are. Which is why - surprise - the Canadian troops in the photo are all walking leisurely and upright.

In fact James at J is the safest of all and is much farther back than this cropped photo shows. Note, even in the "battle" litho everyone is quite safely standing up all over the plateau. And to propose that James at J is under fire, or risking his life, or in the front lines with his camera, is not justifiable by any stretch.

Below is the original negative of the same photo showing just how far back James really was.

It's actually - shudder - quite safe back there. And certainly not a place to take a combat photo.

Right two photos of the site as it looks from just behind and above the Métis who are at the bottom of the gully M. Even from here, on the opposite hill it would be difficult to draw a bead on the Canadians coming over the brow of the far hill where James is down behind at J.

And the Métis are concealed among brush and trees beside the creek bed to shoot down the invaders of their homelands as they come over the top.

Now you see, why, in all the photos, and even in the original Blatchly litho, the Canadians are shown walking, without fear of being shot, everywhere except at the extreme brow of the hill, where they are shooting and lying down for protection.

And why James' photos are not, in any sense, a combat photo shot under fire, though there is no doubt he was clearly within earshot of the awful din it must have been with hundreds of rifles going off in such a confined space.

To sum up, they are war photographs shot within earshot of gun fire and show rear guard maneuvering not frontline combat.

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Fish Creek
Canadian Archival Photo
The Gold Standard - The world's first real combat photo was taken by Canadian James Mason at Paardeberg, on Feb. 18, 1900.

Note James is right in the front lines were the shooting is done. A dead man - his body still warm - is toppled over beyond the second man.

James Peters who, because he was careful not to get up to where it was dangerous, was able to expose some 70 negatives in all.

James Mason only took one photo. In doing so his helmet and badge were both shot in the few seconds he popped up his head to aim his camera. That kind of courage is what it takes to be among the rare club of genuine combat photographers.

Go to The World's First Combat Photographer
This photo gives further proof that James was behind, not in front of the firing line, or even near it. He was considerably behind in fact. There are no bullets flying back here. Only the supply wagons and probably his camera supplies are here.

Hell, even the men up front are not on the firing line.

Notice how all the near line of soldiers are propped up. Not a single one has his head down and is aiming his rifle at an enemy. The rifles are all lying on the ground, for a simple reason. The enemy is far away, down below the edge of the hill, and can't possibly hit anyone this far back on the plateau.

At least not at any of the soldiers in this photo. They are in relax mode, all of them.

Note their body orientation. They are all facing towards the brow of the far hill, where presumably the enemy is beyond and below.

To make James a combat photographer, they would all have to be facing our way to indicate that James is close to the enemy behind him. So, in reality, once again James is quite a distance behind the infantrymen. Nowhere near the firing line which is out of sight of this photo view.

What makes this even less of a combat photo is the fact that the standing troops are approaching and walking nonchalantly away from the brow of the hill towards the lying troops.

They have only dared to do this, to stand up and turn their backs on the enemy riflemen, because they are not shooting, or can't hit them from the gully beyond.

This photo is better labeled as a group being leisurely relieved, from their turn at the front. No one is running...

Great Canadian Heritage Treasure This is a pretty good ground view of the battlefield from the same angle which Blatchly showed in his bird's eye view.

The Canadian troops arrived along the top of the ridge on the left, while the Métis and Indians were firing up at them from the gully below, and from the dense brush which once covered the sides of the creek.

The only danger to the troops was when they stuck their heads up over the brow of the hill. Men even a few feet back were completely safe.

As was James, whose photos were taken hundreds of yards back from the brow of the hill. As is quite evident to anyone who has walked the ground or compares the Blatchly print and photos of the scene today.

So James may have taken the camera closer to a battle site than ever before, but a combat photographer? Certainly not, in any sense of the word as we know it today. James Mason, not James Peters, gets the cigar.

In the middle distance is the centre of the battlefield where the original road angles down to the creek.

The old wagon road still snakes down towards where the ambush was laid, and gives a great view of what the typical shooting position was of the Métis and Indians as the Canadians tried to advance down the lip of the far ridge.

Somewhere in front of the trees was where General Middleton sat his horse as he directed operations, before finally calling off the failing assault upon the insurgents' positions.

Battlefield of Fish Creek (1885) - Saskatchewan
Orig. Great Canadian Historic Site
Found - south east of Rosthern, Saskatchewan
flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Fish Creek
Canadian Archival Photo
Another one of James' photos that some pretend is another combat photo.

It is not. It can best be described as "awaiting developments."

James is behind the front line troops again. He's photographing their backsides, not the most flattering view for a combat photographer. A modern combat photographer would not take it; a modern combat editor would trash it, for showing "lack of courage" and initiative.

And the men are not fighting. All have their heads and upper bodies propped up, making an inviting target, if anyone was shooting at them.

Clearly the enemy is over the edge and down below. Some men at the front are even sitting or standing up. Some are on hands and knees creeping forward to see if all the Métis have now fled, or if some still remain.

Whatever is going on it's clearly a lull in the action. Not a good time to take a real combat photo.

Canadian government civil servant historians write all kinds of false and fanciful information, just by mindlessly cribbing stuff here and there, from other sources. Here is a typical example.

Captions like this are nothing, if not totally idiotic and yet they get written, and posted, and stay there for years. All three sentences are factually wrong.

Even kids could tell this photo could not possibly be "taken during the fighting at Fish Creek."

No one would set up an artillery gun to fire in the midst of their own tent lines.

The tents make absolutely clear that there is no enemy anywhere within many miles, no shooting whatsoever. And no, the gunner is not drawing a bead on his colleagues out front either.

And "the first photographs in history of a battle in progress?"

Not proven. Photographs of the preparations for a battle, and some after the battle with men standing down in the gully after the Métis had fled, can not be classified as shot under fire, and certainly not as combat photographs, in any sense of that unique and daring type of photography.

The world would have to wait for a real combat photographer to emerge.

It turned out to be another Canadian, James Mason, 15 years later. In fact James' father was leading a column during this very battle and whose tales of the fighting would inspire his 12 year old son, later, during the Boer War in South Africa.

Depends what you mean...

Historian Michael Barnholden claims "Captain James Peters took the world's first battlefield photographs under fire at the battle of Fish Creek."

It is a certainty that they are not the world's first combat photographs. In fact, as we have shown, they are also not the world's first battlefield photographs "under fire," by a long shot. Clearly Barnholden counts on the accuracy of his qualifier "under fire" to be some kind of historic first.

It's another example - like the Canadian Military History Gateway page - that shows enthusiasm overcoming good sense and critical analysis, which is what history is supposed to be all about. But then most historians are not visual artists.

True enough, all the photos James took show clearly that he was there, he heard the gunfire, and at Fish Creek he was damn close, but of course, thanks to the lay of the land the battle was fought on, perfectly safe from even stray rifle bullets at the place he took his photos.

So James' photos are important in the evolving art of war photography, as well as combat photography. It is clearly, just not there yet. James still prized his own life too much to gamble on a real combat photo up where the deadly shooting was being done. And frankly, for all its vaunted portability, his camera was a most unwieldy and big box to just whip out while under fire.

The man who would lay his life on the line, 15 years later and take the world's first combat photo, was at this very moment, a 12 year old boy back in Toronto. And Kodak had not yet invented the portable folding camera he would end up using.

In fact James Mason's father was a Captain of infantry at the very battle Peters was photographing. But unlike the artillery officer, Colonel Mason was up where the shooting and dying was being done. He would be badly wounded at Batoche leading his men from the front.

His tales, of the fight at Fish Creek and Batoche, would enthrall his son and embolden him when he signed up to fight in the Boer War in 1899.

He probably had seen James Peters' photos and was determined that his would not be taken "from behind the scenes."

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Fish Creek
Canadian Archival Photo
This looks more like the aftermath of combat. Men are standing nonchalantly on the brow above the gully. And many are in more advanced positions than the photographer. Clearly the danger is long gone as are the Métis, and any hope of passing this off as a combat photo of any kind.
flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure Bystoneder, Type 1 - Cultural Genocide: Métis

This bystoneder watched the battle in the gully, heard the zing of bullets overhead, listened as Métis shouted encouragement to keep up the fire as General Middleton's Canadians vainly sought to advance down the slope of the hill.

In fact this bystoneder was far closer to the front line shooting action than James ever got with his camera.

This bystoneder relic was a witness to a sad chapter in Canadian history, the attempt by the Canadian Government to wipe out the Métis fact from the political and cultural life of Canada, burning their crops, houses, and barns, and chasing them off so that good Anglo-Saxon stock could take over their lands.

If you can believe this, the persecution was so bad that hundreds of Métis had to flee for safety, across the border to the US...

The Métis beat back General Middleton's column at Fish Creek, but it was only a delaying tactic. After regrouping for two weeks the general advanced on Batoche, the Métis capital and centre of a vibrant and unique Canadian culture, burning as he went.

Go to Stoned

 

Bystoneder Relic - Battle of Fish Creek - 1885
Orig. bystoneder - Size - 4 x 10 cm
Found - Fish Creek, AM
War Photography - Canada 1885

Canada had an opportunity for war photography during the Métis Resistance (Riel Rebellion) of 1885, when British General Middleton took units of Canadian Militia west to quell the unrest that was brewing there among the indigenous populations.

Go to The Riel Rebellions

When the mayhem started, Canadian artillery Captain James Peters brought along his camera.

Then, in the tradition of Fenton, Brady, and Gardner, he photographed the soldiers "In action" in the war zone. Which turned out to be mostly "inaction" as James clearly only brought out his camera when it was safe to do so - when there was no danger of being shot in combat. Not a great mind set for doing real war photography, let alone getting the world's first combat photo.

After several battles the climax was approaching, near Batoche, in northern Saskatchewan.

The army then built a zareba below or fortified enclosure every night as it moved closer to engage the Métis and their leader, Louis Riel right.

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Inside the Zareba at Batoche
Canadian Archival Photo

Above the men sleep inside the zareba during a lull in the fighting. This photo may have been taken on day two of the siege of Batoche, after the Métis had kept up shooting at the zareba all night and no one got any sleep because everyone feared an attack on the compound was due any moment.

The Métis were fighting psychological warfare, and it worked as the photo shows. They should have attacked the following day.

Right the location of the zareba was from the trail left across this side of the house across to the right. See map below.

One of the first casualties of war at Batoche was the Caron house right. That's probably it burning in the photo below. It looks like the artillery caissons are moving into the zareba, with white tents, on the right. Judging how the men are sitting high on the limbers the Métis are not shooting. This is not a combat photograph. It's a news photograph by a photographer who feels quite safe to pull out his camera instead of his rifle.

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Burning Buildings, Batoche
Canadian Archival Photo

 

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - General Middleton visits the wounded
Canadian Archival Photo

As men were getting wounded they were looked after in the hospital tent near the zareba. Above in a classic war photograph, doctors are at work on patients as General Middleton himself looks in on the casualties. Visiting the wounded was often a general's duty.

This photo, including others taken at the time, were not really available to the general public.

The only way most people got visual images of events in the news was to get pictorial publications that depicted deeds of daring by eye witnesses who were on the scene.

The Canadian Pictorial & Illustrated War News was a lavish production featuring large and dramatic line drawings, many taken from photographs, of the campaign against Louis Riel and his followers in 1885.

All the line drawings on this page are from Captain Mason's own copy of the Canadian Pictorial Illustrated War News.

Right the page featuring him standing behind his men as the Royal Grenadiers attack the Métis defending the church and presbytery on the first day.

In the days before smokeless powder, in the Boer War, it was easy to tell when people were shooting.

It also shows clearly why Victorian officers had such a horrific casualty rate. They stood up to direct their men and serve by example. By showing their nerves were made of steel they hoped to put backbone into men who were afraid because they were in a dangerous, life threatening situation.

It was the Victorian officer's duty to say "Ignore it, and do your job for Queen and Country."

 

 

The zareba is just a few hundred yards behind the men, the cemetery below off to the left.

 

 


The zareba was just a couple of hundred yards to the right of the cemetery right.

Captain Mason and the Royal Grenadiers fought their way through the cemetery towards the church.

Behind the church one of his men, Pvt. Moor, was killed and he himself was wounded in the thigh. For them both, the war was over.

The dark picket fence marks the grave of nine Métis buried there after the fight. But others were taken away to be buried elsewhere.

No one really knows how many Métis were killed as the Métis Nation that had formed the community around Batoche fled the area, in fear for their lives, and left farms and homes behind. Many sought refuge in the United States.

The church at Batoche has the highest ranking that can be assigned to Canadian historic sites by Parks Canada.

It and the presbytery behind it, are located about a mile from the other buildings of the village proper which stood at the bottom of the Carlton Trail at the ferry across the Saskatchewan River.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Once the Métis were pushed away from the church, Middleton used it as a hospital to house his wounded men.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The presbytery right still shows bullet holes from the Gatling Gun on its facade.

On the patch of bare ground - called Mission Ridge - the artillery gun was set up and trained on the Métis who were fleeing towards their village in the valley below.

The artillery gun being fired below could very well be shooting from this spot on Mission Ridge.

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Batoche, Mission Ridge
Canadian Archival Photo

The reverse angle from the Mission Ridge site, with the presbytery behind us.

This is the view the gunners had as they pounded away at the Métis village of Batoche near the distant tree line, visible as tiny white specks - signs marking the location of former houses - about a third of the way in from the right hand side.

Louis Riel and the Métis council were planning to make their last stand in the village.

General Middleton was going on reconnaissance patrols along the heights to the right, planning on the best way to proceed.

Below soldiers in action...

Some might say "Aha, there you have it! This is the first combat photograph!"

Think again. Where is the action?

flashing newGreat Canadian Heritage Treasure
Capt James Peters - Batoche, Reconnaissance Trail
Canadian Archival Photo



Lt. Fitch top and Pvt. Moor, killed at Batoche, behind the church, were both members of Capt. Mason's Royal Grenadiers. They were brought back to Toronto, and buried with great ceremony.

In fact the Royal Grenadiers suffered double the number of casualties of any other militia unit at the battle, 18 dead and wounded. This was probably because the men were actively following the aggressive leadership model of their officers like Captain Mason.

Of the eight soldiers killed at Batoche, four were officers, a horrific imbalance, that showed the Canadian militia officers were, at least, as brave and dedicated as leaders in combat, as their British mentors.

During the Boer War the number of British officers killed remained hugely disproportionate to the fatalities of the men they led, a result of leading by personal example from the front.

This model of military leadership was to change drastically in the 21st century. During the Iraq and Afghan Wars all the dying was done by line troops, privates, corporals, and sergeants. Officers only died if their chopper crashed by accident, or by hostile fire.

In the 21st century, being a military officer is a sure fire way to retire to a good pension and lucrative jobs after retirement. No such luck for the grunts.


Fake Canadian Combat Photography - If you examine the photo closely you will see that it shows exactly the opposite, of what it pretends to be - inaction. In fact, far from being a photo of combat, it shows a scouting or planning session during a "Reconnaissance patrol" along the lines of "Where do you think we should go next?"

The officers are all clumped together, horses and men, a much too inviting target to the enemy, if they were close, which they're obviously not.

The photographer is clearly standing - probably Peters on horseback - and doing so long enough to compose his picture. He feels quite safe from enemy fire or snipers.

There is no smoke from artillery guns or rifles going off. And this was in the black powder days when smoke was very visible.

In fact not only are the artillery guns parked, they are still limbered up with the men sitting on the ammunition boxes as they do when going from place to place looking for a spot to set up. Clearly the officers haven't decided, yet, whether to turn this into an action scene.

The artillery horses are facing the enemy - never a good sign, because the guns they are dragging are then pointed away from their targets. Why? Because there are none. Not any close enough to shoot at anyway.

Most of the men are standing or crouching, clearly not worried about being exposed to hostile fire. The men in the foreground are lying down, but are not in firing attitude. Many of the rifles are lying on the ground. Several point skyward - clearly they're just holding the rifles in a haphazard trail position. There is not one rifle that could be said to be in firing position with the barrel in line with the eye line of a shooter. The nearest soldier seems to be grabbing forty winks - probably he's exhausted because he was up all night on picket duty or gambling... His partner seems to be calling him to "wake up" before the officers beyond see him... and he gets a week of KP...

Remember too, this site is on the lip of a hill, sloping down towards the river; the enemy is down below them. A rifle close to the ground could not possibly see a target.

Clearly this is not a combat photograph, but a quiet outing on the brow of the hill, along the Reconnaissance Trail shown on the map below.

The location where we think the photo was taken offers further proof that this is not, by any stretch, a combat photograph.

Other than Batoche - which is a huge area - we can not be certain where it was taken.

All things considered it looks like it might have been taken at the spot P on the treeless open plateau area shown at the bottom right of the map below. The trail shown in the photo might very well be the reconnaissance trail on the map. Which in itself tells you something. You pick the reconnaissance trail because it allows free movement, quite safe from hostile fire.

The map of the action below, drawn by George Cole, the camp quartermaster, gives further supporting evidence.

If one notes the "danger" locations where the eight "Canadian" fatalities at Batoche occurred, one can see they were all well away from the Reconnaissance Trail, and remote from the location of the photo. Most men died in fighting near buildings, the chapel and the distant village down below. Capt. Mason was shot in the hip and severely wounded behind the chapel where a man in his regiment, Pvt. Moor, was also killed.


It proves that at the spot this photo was taken there was no fighting going on, either before, during, or after this picture was taken. The group will be moving several hundred yards further down the direction they are looking before unlimbering the guns for action.

In fact Cole shows these artillery positions to be just above the spot Captain Brown was shot about a mile from where the photo was taken, where his symbols for Gatling and artillery guns are grouped.

It is very likely the men are scouting the village down below to where the Métis are retreating. At this point it is some 900 yards away. In fact is is further away from hostile entrenchments than General Middleton built his zareba for safety, 700 yards away from the church where the heaviest fighting took place.

So if Middleton right thought the zareba was safe, then certainly this reconnaissance location is no battle area.

And certifiably, not a place to get a combat photograph. In fact it was about as far from the action as it was possible to get and still pretend you were taking pictures of the battlefield at Batoche.

True to tradition, this war photographer brought out his camera when there was no danger in doing so. The picture is better than nothing, but it is not a defining moment in war photography.

 


The Caron house rebuilt right after the earlier one was burned.

It's the little square just above the top left of the zareba on the map. The zareba was visible out behind the house.

A western Canadian Métis girl won a special award from the Lieutenant-Governor of Saskatchewan for her story about this house.

Go to Métis Heritage
Go to Batoche & Cut Knife


 
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